Have you ever been working at the computer for long hours and started to feel tightness in the neck that eventually led to a headache? Are your headaches worse with working on the computer or with your head down? If so, your headaches could be a tension or migraine headache, and have a cervicogenic aspect to them.
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Achilles Tendonosis and Tendonitis
The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscles in the back of your leg to your heel. The tendon can become inflamed with single activities such as skiing, or with repetitive activities such as running. A sudden increase in running miles, extra jumping, hiking, or walking can also irritate the Achilles. As the Achilles tendon can be subjected to forces of up to 12 times body weight during certain activities, a massive amount of force over a short period of time or even less force over many miles-- can both lead to Achilles tendonosis.
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Adhesive Capsulitis or "frozen shoulder" is a condition of the shoulder joint capsule (the ligaments which surround the shoulder joint) that results in pain, limited mobility, and substantial limitations. As the condition worsens, your range of motion decreases and your shoulder is physically incapable of movement.
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Herniated disks are common causes of low back pain. They can cause dull aching pain or severe sharp stabbing pain with muscle weakness and loss of feeling. The pain will often radiate from the back down the leg. The severity of symptoms and the time it takes to heal varies depending on the extent of the herniation.
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Iliotibial Band (IT Band) Friction Syndrome
Iliotibial Band Syndrome is a common injury amongst runners and tri-athletes. The Iliotibial band is a tough group of fibers that run on the outside of the leg. It begins at the hip and runs down the leg to the knee. The gluteal and tensor fascia lata muscles attach to the top of the IT Band. The band ends on the outside part of the knee, on the tibia. The IT band serves to act as a knee stabilizer during running. Through repetition and overuse, the IT band can become irritated and inflamed. Runners will usually describe a pain on the outside of the knee or lower thigh that gets worse while going up or down stairs, or when getting up from a seated position.
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Plantar Fasciitis is a repetitive stress injury to the plantar fascia on the bottom of the foot. The fascia runs from the heel toward the toes and helps support the body weight. Standing, running, or jumping increases the force and strain on the plantar fascia. Performing these motions causes more injury.
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The shoulder is an incredibly mobile joint that undergoes stress to reach, lift or throw. Shoulder movements occur because of the intricate coordination and function of 10 major muscles groups. These muscles play a complex game of tug-o-war to move and rotate the arm.
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Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis)
Lateral epicondylitis is essentially pain on the outside of the elbow. It is an overuse injury that affects the tendons on the outside of the elbow.
It can be very painful at the elbow and often runs down the forearm. Pain often increases when you extend your wrist; hold onto items, or when you turn your wrist. Your arm may feel weak or easily tire while using your hands. Shaking hands or opening a glass jar are some activities that become very painful.
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Chondromalacia Patella or Patellofemoral Pain
Chondromalacia Patella is an irritation of the
cartilage underneath the knee cap (patella). It
commonly occurs in activities that require
continuous movement, such as running or jumping. It
is also common in older people, who have "worn out"
the cartilage with use. Chondromalacia Patella is
also called patellofemoral pain.
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Introduction to Medial Epicondylitis (Golfers
Medial epicondylitis is commonly referred to as
Golfer's Elbow. It affects the tendons on the inside
of the elbow, at the medial epicondyle. The muscles
originate at the medial epicondyle and run toward
the wrist on the inside of the arm. Golfer's elbow
is similar to tennis elbow, but is on the inside of
the arm instead of the outside.
Read More About Medial Epicondylitis (Golfers Elbow)
Morton's Neuroma is a name given to thickened
tissue around a nerve in the foot. The thickened
tissue compresses the nerve, causing burning,
numbness, or tingling in the toes. Compression of
the area or toe extension increases the pain and
discomfort. Toe flexion may decrease the pain.
Initially, the pain may occur infrequently but
increases in intensity and duration with time.
Eventually the pain can be excruciating.
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Osgood-Schlatters is characterized pain,
tenderness, and swelling on the tibial tuberosity,
or on the shin bone just below the knee cap. The
pain may be mild after activity or in some cases can
be severe enough to occur during all activity. It
occurs in activities that require jumping, running,
squatting, or lifting. It is most common in athletic
children between ages of 10 to 14.
Read More About Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Patellar Tendinitis is a condition commonly
called "Jumper's Knee." Jumpers knee describes pain
around the patella or knee cap. The tendon connects
the quadriceps muscle to patella and then patella to
the tibia or shin bone. Contraction of the
quadriceps muscle causes the lower leg to extend
through the patella tendon. Activities that involve
kicking, jumping, or explosion rely on quick and
forceful contraction of the quadriceps muscle for
power. These forceful activities are common in
sports involving jumping, thus the term jumpers
knee. However, Patellar Tendonitis can occur in any
activity that involves contraction of the
quadriceps, including running, biking, skiing, or
Read More About Patellar Tendinitis
Sesamoids are small bones found throughout the
body. Sesamoid bones provide attachments for
tendons, and act as fulcrums or pulleys for muscles.
Two common sesamoids that can become irritated are
on the bottom of the big toe. They can become
irritated or fractured, producing pain on the bottom
of the big toe. Pain localized to a specific
location is the most common symptom of sesamoiditis.
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Turf toe is a sports term for a
sprain injury of the big toe. The bottom capsule of
the big toe joint is sprained when the toe is pulled
into hyperextension (dorsiflexion). This tends to
happen with specific trauma that pulls the toe into
dorsiflexion, such as getting tackled in football,
trips, or falls. Soccer, field hockey, and lacrosse
have higher rates of injury.
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It may seem counter-intuitive, but moderate exercise
is an effective treatment for osteoarthritis. Growing old
is a blessing and a curse: a blessing for the wisdom
that comes with age, and a curse for the aches and
pains that result from years of living. Osteoarthritis
or OA is one of over a hundred degenerative joint
conditions that affect nearly forty-six million
adults in America alone.
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Beginning a fitness program opens doors to new
adventures, new friendships, and a sense of well-being.
When asked about his dancing, the actor, Fred Astaire
once said, "I just put my feet in the air and
move them around." To have seen Astaire in motion,
his dancing seemed as effortless as it was elegant.
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Learning how to hydrate is an important part of
marathon training. If running is as simple as putting
one foot in front of the other, why is training for
a marathon so complicated? First there's the
shoes: the average pair of sneakers won't do. Marathoners
need specialty running shoes, with the correct amount
of pronation control. Clothing is specialized
too: technical fabrics wick moisture from the
body to prevent chafing.
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Iliotibial Band Syndrome
Iliotibial band syndrome is a common overuse
injury that causes severe knee pain, and can be
difficult to cure. Most non-runners have never
heard of the iliotibial band: a stabilizing fascia
on the outside of the leg that connects at the
hip and below the kneecap. It's purpose is to
stabilize the leg when the quadriceps, the big
muscles on the front of the thigh, fatigue.
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Running Through Life
Running is more than a competitive sport: for many
it's the key to a healthy lifestyle. The great twentieth
century philosopher, Joseph Campbell was a miler in
college. Although running began as a competitive sport
for Campbell, it became part of his lifestyle. Campbell,
believed that physical activity was part of the process
of self actualization: the journey we all take as adults
to determine who we are, and our role in the world.
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When pain is an injury
Occasional aches and pains are part and parcel of
marathon training, but when is the pain symptomatic
of injury? The fact that I'm a chiropractor doesn't
exempt me from the consequences of over-exuberant
training. In fact, one could argue that my running
foibles inspired me to become what I am today. I
remember my first twenty-mile training run, back
in my days as a student at the University of
Montana. I was training for the Governor's
Cup: an annual marathon in Helena.
More About When Pain is an Injury
Anterior Interosseous Syndrome
Anterior Interosseous Syndrome is an entrapment of a nerve in the forearm resulting in numerous hand sensations and limitations. Anterior Interosseous Syndrome can occur in people with either forceful forearm muscle contraction or from repetitive activity. Pain and muscle fatigue occur in the forearm. In some cases the person has difficulty with fine hand movements, such as pinching the thumb and the index finger together or writing.
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Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
The ulnar nerve runs down the arm and cuts behind the elbow on the way to the hand. Many people can appreciate this nerve as their funny bone. Banging your elbow creates a unique tingling sensation down the arm and into the little finger. The sensation is causes by compressing the ulnar nerve against the bone. With a quick bang, the sensation returns to normal after a few seconds.However, prolonged compression of the ulnar nerve at the elbow causes long term pain, tingling, and muscle weakness. People usually complain of medial forearm pain and changing sensations into the little and ring finger.
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Dupuytren's contracture is a name given to progressive flexion of the little and ring fingers over time. The fingers become harder to straighten out and may become painful to do so. The fingers can be flexed but not straightened. Often bumps can be felt under the skin. There is an increase thickening of the connective tissue that can eventually prevent straightening the fingers. This makes it difficult to perform everyday activities with the hand, such as putting your hand in your pocket or shaking hands.
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Iliacus Muscle Syndrome
Iliacus Muscle Syndrome can cause weakness in the quadriceps muscle, and changes in sensation to the medial thigh, leg, and foot. Compression of the femoral nerve by the Iliacus Muscle causes this entrapment syndrome. The femoral nerve passes between the iliacus and psoas muscle, and then enters the leg with the combined iliospoas tendon under the inguinal ligament. This narrow area is a site of entrapment. The femoral nerve innervates the upper leg and mostly controls muscle strength, entrapment of the femoral nerve can lead to muscle weakness in these muscles.
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Piriformis Muscle Syndrome
Radiating pain down the leg may be caused by Piriformis Muscle Syndrome. The piriformis muscle runs from the sacrum to the femur. The muscle is a large and powerful muscle. The sciatic nerve leaves the pelvis and runs underneath the piriformis muscle. If the piriformis muscle becomes injured or spasmed it can compress the sciatic nerve. This can produce pain, numbness, tingling, loss of sensation, or muscle weakness down the leg. This is one of the many causes of sciatica.
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Trigger finger is also called stenosing tenosynovitis. It is characterized by a snapping of the finger when it is straightened. The finger may feel stiff or stuck, but with continued force it quickly extends with a snap. Trigger finger tends to occur in people who actively use their hands for work or hobbies. A continued repetitive movement creates inflammation of the tendon sheath and eventual thickening. This thickening can create a bump or ball that jumps when it passes through the tendon sheath.
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Tunnel of Guyon
Pain, numbness, tingling or weakness in the little and ring fingers may be caused by compression of the ulnar nerve at the tunnel of Guyon. This nerve runs through a small tunnel at the wrist. Formed by the pisiform and hook of the hamate bones on the sides; the top and bottom borders by the insertion of the flexor carpi ulnaris tendon and transverse carpal ligament. The nerve runs through this tunnel and is responsible for sensation and muscle strength of the 4th and 5th digits.
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Lumbar Disk Decompression
Lumbar disk decompression therapy decreases low back pain by improving the mechanisms that cause pain. Disk decompression decreases the pressure on the lumbar disk, facet joints, opens the neuroforaminal canal, and decreases the stress on the fibrous disk layer. All have been associated with low back pain.
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